What is Prediabetes and How To Prevent It?
You may not know that you have prediabetes unless you are watchful. If you have it (like 86 million other Americans), your blood sugar (glucose) level is higher than it should be, but not in the diabetes range. People used to call it “borderline” diabetes.
Body make a hormone called “insulin” to carry the energy that was converted from the food you eat to the cells. Like any other disease with prediabetes your system does not work as expected. According to CDC report, with prediabetes you may get a stroke or a heart attack.
How to know?
Fasting glucose test. Taking a blood test with 8 hours fasting (don’t eat anything for 8hr before the test). The results are:
- Normal – < 100 (blood sugar less than 100)
- Prediabetes – 100-125( blood sugar between 100 and 125)
- Diabetes – >=126 (blood sugar is 126 or higher)
Oral glucose tolerance test. In this process at first, you’ll be asked to give the fasting glucose test. Then you’ll drink a sugary solution. Two hours after that, you’ll be asked give another blood test. The results are:
- Normal – < 140(blood sugar less than 140)
- Prediabetes – 140-199( blood sugar between 140 and 199)
- Diabetes – >=200 (blood sugar is 200 or higher)
Hemoglobin A1C (or average blood sugar) test. This blood test shows your average blood sugar level for the past 3 to 4 months. Doctors can use it to diagnose prediabetes or diabetes or, if you already know you have diabetes, it helps show whether it’s under control. The results are:
- Normal – 5.6% or less
- Prediabetes – 5.7 to 6.4%
- Diabetes – 6.5% or above
How to control?
In most cases lifestyle changes can help reduce the blood sugar and get you to the normal levels from prediabetes. You can use 5 simple steps to stay away from Diabetes including exercise, managing weight and nutrition.
It is easy to prevent than cure.
So don’t take a chance on your health. Living to the full extent is a blessing for all of us. Let’s use the blessing properly.